Can the actor of a TA verb be grammatically inanimate?
- Miami-Illinois: yes
- Shawnee: yes
- Menominee: yes
- Cheyenne: yes
- Blackfoot: unknown/unclear (Actors of TA verbs cannot be semantically inanimate; "knife" is an animate noun but can't be the actor of a TA. However, Frantz does note that some speakers allow for inanimate actors if the object is the experiencer (e.g. "it frightens him").)